For you have not come near to [a mountain]

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that is touchable and has been burned with fire, to a thick dark cloud, to gloom, and to a powerful windstorm,


For this is not like the time when you approached a display of strength that was capable of changing your everyday life, and which threatened punishment; you have not approached a foreboding omen of a difficult future, or a cause for depression, or a demonstration of great power that you fear but can’t understand.



The text does not include the word “mountain” in vs 18, but readers who knew Jewish history would know it was a mountain. The text doesn’t even include the word “something.” Also, the word mountain is used in vs 20, and it is contrasted with Mount Zion in Vs 22, so it is safe to assume that “mountain” is implied.